Business (BA)


A survey course designed to present an overview of the business organization and its operations and management functions with a special emphasis on running an organization using sound ethical principles. Students will be introduced to such topics as the U.S. economic system, key organizational elements, marketing strategies, product design, pricing, distribution channels, leadership, and human resources management strategies.

BA 203      FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOMICS      Credits: 4

This class is designed to consider the performance of the national economy as a whole (both macroeconomic and microeconomic frameworks) by gaining an understanding of major economic principles centering on topics such as the economic system of the United States, other economic systems, supply and demand, unemployment and inflation, economic growth, and measuring economic health.


In this self-paced, guided introduction to Microsoft Office Suite, students will work through a series of exercises and assignments designed to develop mastery of business related computer application skills utilizing word processing (WORD), spreadsheets (EXCEL), relational databases (ACCESS), communication software (OUTLOOK), and presentation software (POWERPOINT). Students who successfully complete this course will master sufficient skills to use the computer as an effective tool in their educational and professional careers.

BA 247      BUSINESS DATA ANALYTICS      Credits: 3

The goals of this course are to increase business data analysis knowledge and skill development regarding current practices and procedures by utilizing a variety of teaching techniques and exploring a number of relevant issues.
Prerequisites: BA 101 with a C or higher and MTH 123 with a D or higher.


This course focuses on an integrated study of the principles and processes of organizational management. Students will examine the concepts of planning, leading, directing, and controlling from the classical and behavioral perspectives, and the current view for managing in the 21st Century. The successful student will have a solid understanding of management styles, social responsibility and business ethics, productivity and quality in operations, human motivation theory, organizational culture and change, and team dynamics.
Prerequisites: BA 101 with a C or higher.

BA 299E      EXPERIMENTAL COURSE      Credits: 3

Experimental course option varies by term. Please see academic department for course description.

BA 301      PRE-INTERNSHIP SEMINAR      Credit: 1

This pre-internship seminar is designed to give students career development insights and important information about the requirements of the BA 499 Business Internship, the key ingredients necessary for a successful internship experience, and essential search strategies for acquiring an internship (and eventual fulltime employment following graduation). Students will be able to effectively articulate their strengths in a cover letter and resume while developing a strategy for obtaining an internship with a local business.

BA 331      GLOBAL BUSINESS      Credits: 3

Global business is complex. The world's business environments involve diverse factors and dynamic forces relating to demographics, cultures, economics, political and legal systems, levels of technological development and natural geophysical realities. This course will illuminate these dynamic factors and forces while empowering students with useful theories, concepts and vocabulary in order that they can understand, and ultimately conduct, business internationally.

BA 341      INVESTMENTS      Credits: 3

This class is designed to introduce students to various investment vehicles, investment strategies, and modern portfolio management techniques. The class involves the students in hands on management of an investment portfolio where they make real time purchases and sales of stocks and options in a national investment competition. The course is available to all students.
Prerequisites: BA 101 and BA 203 with a C or higher.

BA 342      FINANCE      Credits: 3

This class introduces students to the art and science of managing money at the corporate level. Topics include: short-term cash management, capital budgeting, time value of money concepts, balance between risk and reward, and financial analysis techniques.
Prerequisites: BA 101 and BA 203 with a C or higher.


This course introduces students to basic concepts and institutional arrangements that underlie financial management in a global economy. Topics covered include the international monetary system, the balance of payments, exchange rate determination, currency futures and options, parity conditions in international finance, and management of foreign exchange risk through hedging. The course examines issues related to international markets, including international trade and commercial policy, international investment, foreign exchange markets, the euromarkets, and currency derivative markets.
Prerequisites: BA 342 with a C or higher.

BA 351      PRODUCTION AND OPERATION      Credits: 3

This is an intense examination of the key concepts, quantitative techniques, and practices applied by world managers in the production of goods and services. It includes the study of behavioral methods, input/output relationships, system/facility design, scheduling and modern inventory control systems, management information systems, and facility location.
Prerequisites: BA 203 and BA 247 with a C or higher.

BA 352      BUSINESS LAW      Credits: 3

This course investigates legal concepts and principles affecting business organizations and commercial transactions. Key topics focus on those factors influencing management decisions such as contracts, agencies, partnerships, corporations, and real property.
Prerequisites: BA 101 and BA 203 with a C or higher.

BA 381      HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT      Credits: 3

Focusing on theoretical and practical aspects of organizational and personnel activities, this course examines key topics such as human resource planning, recruiting, selecting, orienting, training, and evaluating employees. A major portion of the course will focus on how these topics relate to state and federal laws. Relevant human resource problems and issues will be examined.
Prerequisites: BA 101 with a C or higher.

BA 399E      EXPERIMENTAL COURSE      Credits: 3

Experimental course option varies by term. Please see academic department for course description.
Prerequisites: BA 101 with a C or higher.

BA 455      RISK ASSESSMENT      Credits: 3

This course is designed as a hands-on introduction to risk analysis or the systematic evaluation of decision problems involving uncertainty. It is intended to enhance the student's ability to solve complex management problems and to make decisions under conditions of uncertainty, competing objectives, and complicated constraints through the use of formal modeling and quantitative analysis techniques. This course uses microcomputers and commercially available software as tools for performing quantitative risk analysis.
Prerequisites: BA 247 with a C or higher.

BA 457      ETHICAL LEADERSHIP      Credits: 3

Special attention is given to characteristics of leaders and how they operate ethically within the organizations they lead, as well as how leaders interact with society in terms of corporate responsibility. Classical leadership approaches and ethical frameworks are examined and compared to emerging new leadership practices. The course closely examines values, abilities, skills, and leadership traits as portrayed in a comprehensive video case approach as a means for applying theory to leadership practice.
Prerequisites: Senior status and currently in last year of Business Administration program.

BA 458      BUSINESS CAPSTONE      Credits: 3

This is a dynamic course bringing together the elements studied in various business classes, such as finance, economics, management, and marketing. Relying largely on case studies, this approach allows students to compare their operational skills with those of professional managers from different industries.
Prerequisites: Senior status and currently in last year of Business Administration program.

BA 472      ENTREPRENEURIAL FINANCE      Credits: 3

This course examines financing options available to an entrepreneurial venture as well as the financial management, resource development and organizational structures for the emerging small or family business. Financing sources follow the life cycle of the business from start-up through angel investors, venture capital, bank lending, government programs, asset based lending, and franchising to the initial public offering (IPO). The focus is on methods of valuation and negotiation strategies used in entrepreneurial finance.

BA 499      BUSINESS INTERNSHIP      Credits: 1-10

The business internship is the capstone, hands-on experience for each business major, and offers a unique opportunity for students to relate their academic education and career interests to on-the-job work experience in the corporate world. All business majors must complete the business internship prior to graduation. During the internship, business students will complete a business exit exam. The internship is jointly supervised by a Concordia University internship director and an on-site internship supervisor.
Prerequisites: BA 301 with a C or higher and Senior status as Business Administration, Accounting, or Marketing major and must meet with School of Management Internship Coordinator.