Biology (BIO)

BIO 101      PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGY      Credits: 3

Basic principles of biology at all levels including the chemistry of living things, structure and function of cells, basic genetics, structure of organisms, interaction of organisms in communities, and ecology. Emphasis is placed on humans as a representative organism illustrating fundamental features of life. Recommended for students who wish to strengthen their foundational knowledge in the life sciences. Course includes an accompanying laboratory component.
Prerequisite: High school biology and/or chemistry recommended
Corequisite: BIO 101L.

BIO 101L      PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGY LAB      Credits: 0

Laboratory component of BIO 101. Introduction to use of various scientific instruments, measurement, and basic concepts of designing experiments.
Corequisites: BIO 101.

BIO 211      GENERAL BIOLOGY I      Credits: 4

Fundamentals of the chemistry of living organisms and detailed study of the structure and function of life at the cellular level. Includes study of biological macromolecules, cell structure, structure and function of membranes, cell communication and receptors, introduction to cellular energy metabolism (cellular respiration and photosynthesis), mitosis, meiosis, genetics, DNA structure and replication, and gene expression. Course includes an accompanying laboratory component.
Prerequisites: MTH 095 (or equivalent math evaluation score); completion of one year of high school biology and one year of high school chemistry
Corequisites: BIO 211L.

BIO 211L      GENERAL BIOLOGY I LAB      Credits: 0

Laboratory component of BIO 211. Includes training in use of standard laboratory instrumentation such as the compound light microscope and measuring instruments. Review of the metric system, fundamentals of experimental design, independent and dependent variables, role of controls.
Corequisites: BIO 211.

BIO 212      GENERAL BIOLOGY II      Credits: 4

A continuation of BIO 211 with special emphasis on evolution, ecology, structure and functions (anatomy and physiology) of plants and animals. Course includes an accompanying laboratory component.
Prerequisites: BIO 211 with a C or higher
Corequisites: BIO 212L.

BIO 212L      GENERAL BIOLOGY II LAB      Credits: 0

Laboratory component of BIO 212.
Corequisites: BIO 212.

BIO 251      WEEKEND SEMINAR      Credit: 1

A reading and discussion course on subjects of general interest to students in a variety of disciplines. Topics and meeting dates are determined in advance and described in the online Course Schedule for each term. May be repeated with unique topics. Upper division credit will require greater participation.

BIO 264      INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN ANATOMY      Credits: 4

Introductory course examining the structure and function of the human body. Course material includes basic anatomical terminology, histology, and organ systems, with emphasis on the skeletal and muscular systems. Includes prosection of the human cadaver. First of a two-course (semester) sequence. Course includes an accompanying laboratory component.
Prerequisites: BIO 101 and CHM 101 with a C or higher
Corequisites: BIO 264L.

BIO 264L      INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN ANATOMY LAB      Credits: 0

Laboratory component of BIO 264.
Corequisites: BIO 264.

BIO 265      INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY      Credits: 4

Introductory course investigating the fundamental physiological processes of several systems in humans including the endocrine, immune, respiratory, and urinary systems. Course material emphasizes homeostatic mechanisms at the biochemical, cellular, organ, and system levels. Course includes an accompanying laboratory component.
Prerequisites: BIO 264 with a C or higher
Corequisites: BIO 265L.

BIO 265L      INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY LAB      Credits: 0

Laboratory component of BIO 265.
Corequisites: BIO 265.

BIO 284      MICROBIOLOGY      Credits: 3

An introduction to bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi, and invertebrates with a particular emphasis on their relation to human disease. Laboratory sessions emphasize aseptic technique and the metabolic requirements of microorganisms. In addition, students are introduced to the latest technological approaches to identifying pathogens. Course includes an accompanying laboratory component.
Prerequisites: BIO 211 and CHM 102 or CHM 211 with a C or higher
Corequisites: BIO 284L.

BIO 284L      MICROBIOLOGY LAB      Credits: 0

Laboratory component of BIO 284.
Corequisites: BIO 284.

BIO 288      DEPARTMENTAL SEMINAR      Credit: 1

A reading and discussion course on subjects of general interest to students in a variety of disciplines. Topics are determined in advance and described in the online Course Schedule for each term. May be repeated with unique topics. Upper division credit will require greater participation.

BIO 315      GENETICS      Credits: 4

An introduction to the principles of inheritance: the nature, transmission, and function of the genetic material in relation to its cytological and biochemical aspects. Both classical Mendelian and molecular genetics are covered. Course includes an accompanying laboratory component.
Prerequisites: BIO 211 and CHM 211 and MTH 231 with a C or higher
Corequisites: BIO 315L.

BIO 315L      GENETICS LAB      Credits: 0

Laboratory component of BIO 315.
Corequisites: BIO 315.

BIO 321      DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY      Credits: 3

This course examines an organism’s path from genotype to phenotype. Topics include the genetic regulation of development and differentiation of multicellular organisms, from single celled zygotes to the adult. Emphasis is placed on the anatomical and genetic bases of nucleocytoplasmic interactions, pattern formation, morphogenesis, & senescence.
Prerequisites: BIO 315 with a C or higher.

BIO 325      IMMUNOLOGY      Credits: 3

Fundamental aspects of immunology including mechanisms of antibody-mediated and cell-mediated immunity are covered. Topics include organs and tissues of the immune system, the role and function of T and B cells, MHC restriction and antigen presentation, the structure and genetics of antibody and T cell receptor molecules, and the regulation of immune responses. Applications of immunology to infectious disease and cancer as well as clinical syndromes resulting from loss of immune function will also be discussed.
Prerequisites: BIO 211 with a C or higher.

BIO 364      HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I      Credits: 4

A course for pre-health professional students that examines the unity of structure and function of the human body. Course material includes anatomical terminology, histology, and organ systems including the skeletal, muscular, integumentary, nervous systems. Includes dissection of the human cadaver by all participants. First of a two-course (semester) sequence. Course includes an accompanying laboratory component.
Prerequisites: BIO 211 and CHM 212 or CHM 102 for Nursing students with a C or better
Corequisites: BIO 364L.

BIO 364L      HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I LAB      Credits: 0

Laboratory component of BIO 364.
Corequisites: BIO 364.

BIO 365      HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY II      Credits: 4

A course for pre-health professional students that examines fundamental physiological processes of several systems in humans including the endocrine, immune, respiratory, and urinary systems. Emphasis is placed on homeostatic mechanisms at the biochemical, cellular, organ, and system levels. Course includes an accompanying laboratory component.
Prerequisites: BIO 364 with a C or higher
Corequisites: BIO 365L.

BIO 365L      HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY II LAB      Credits: 0

Laboratory component of BIO 365.
Corequisites: BIO 365.

BIO 370      FIELD BIOLOGY      Credits: 3

This three-credit course provides majors and non-majors alike with an intensive experience in field biology. The topics and locations vary from term to term, with the typical length of the course ranging from 8 to 15 days. Participants learn field techniques and perform field observations on biodiversity, ecology, and conservation while hiking, snorkeling, driving and boating on location. Field sites include Central America, Asia, Australia, Europe, New Zealand, and other parts of the world.
Prerequisites: Instructor approval.

BIO 371      FIELD BIOLOGY-TOUR ONLY      Credits: 0

This non-credit course provides students and non-students alike with an intensive experience in field biology. The topics and locations vary from term to term, with the typical length of the course ranging from 8 to 15 days. Participants learn field techniques and perform field observations on biodiversity, ecology, and conservation while hiking, snorkeling, driving and boating on location. Field sites include Central America, Asia, Australia, Europe, New Zealand, and other parts of the world.
Prerequisites: Instructor approval.

BIO 399E      EXPERIMENTAL COURSE      Credit: 1

Experimental course option varies by term. Please see academic department for course description.

BIO 411      ECOLOGY      Credits: 3

The study of the interaction of plants and animals and their environment. An introduction to some of the basic field biological techniques in the accompanying laboratory portion of the course.
Prerequisites: BIO 212 and CHM 211 and MTH 231 with a C or higher
Corequisites: BIO 411L.

BIO 411L      ECOLOGY LAB      Credits: 0

Laboratory component of BIO 411.
Corequisites: BIO 411.

BIO 421      MARINE BIOLOGY      Credits: 3

The study of marine life and marine ecosystems with special emphasis on marine animals, their morphological, anatomical, and behavioral adaptations; natural selection and practical importance for humans. An introduction to zoological dissection, and field ecological techniques in the laboratory portion of the course.
Prerequisites: BIO 212 and CHM 211 with a C or higher
Corequisites: BIO 421L.

BIO 421L      MARINE BIOLOGY LAB      Credits: 0

Laboratory component of BIO 421.
Corequisites: BIO 421.

BIO 425      BIOLOGY TEACHING ASSISTANT      Credit: 1

An opportunity for upper-level life science students to design, prepare, and teach lower-level science labs.
Prerequisites: Upper division standing and Instructor Permission.

BIO 426      EVOLUTION      Credits: 3

An examination of theories of organic evolution with an emphasis on their mechanisms.
Prerequisites: BIO 315 with a C or higher.

BIO 451      WEEKEND SEMINAR      Credit: 1

A reading and discussion course on subjects of general interest to students in a variety of disciplines. Topics and meeting dates are determined in advance and described in the online Course Schedule for each term. May be repeated with unique topics. Upper division credit will require greater participation.

BIO 457      MOLECULAR BIOLOGY      Credits: 3

Hands-on study of the molecular basis of reproduction and genetics in organisms from phage to higher eukaryotes. Special emphasis on the tools of molecular biology, including recombinant DNA technology. Course includes an accompanying laboratory component.
Prerequisites: BIO 315 and CHM 212 with a C or higher
Corequisites: BIO 457L.

BIO 457L      MOLECULAR BIOLOGY LAB      Credits: 0

Laboratory component of BIO 457.
Corequisites: BIO 457.

BIO 488      DEPARTMENTAL SEMINAR      Credit: 1

A reading and discussion course on subjects of general interest to students in a variety of disciplines. Topics are determined in advance and described in the online Course Schedule for each term. May be repeated with unique topics. Upper division credit will require greater participation.

BIO 490      RESEARCH IN BIOLOGY      Credits: 3

Experience in hands-on research on a topic agreed upon by the student and a specific faculty member. Includes research planning, background reading, experimental laboratory work, and a concluding report. May be taken up to two times for credit.
Prerequisites: Sophomore status and instructor permission.

BIO 492      SENIOR THESIS PREPARATION      Credit: 1

This course is required for students planning to complete a senior thesis. The product of this course will be a thesis proposal.
Prerequisites: Junior or Senior status, BIO 490 recommended.

BIO 493      BIOLOGY THESIS I: LITERATURE REVIEW AND PROJECT DESIGN      Credits: 2

The first of two courses required to complete the thesis option of the Senior Project for graduation as a Biology major. A thesis involves completion of an independent research project under the supervision of a faculty mentor. Students are guided through the initial components of the thesis process including literature review, experimental design, and initial stages of laboratory work on the thesis project.
Prerequisites: BIO 492 with a B or higher; upper division standing; agreement of a faculty member to serve as Faculty Supervisor for thesis project.

BIO 494      BIOLOGY THESIS II: RESEARCH, WRITING, AND DEFENSE      Credits: 2

The second of two courses required to complete the thesis option of the Senior Project for graduation as Biology major. Each student is guided by a faculty mentor through the final research and writing of the thesis. This includes experimental work, data analysis, and writing and defense of the thesis. The defense will be a public event open to faculty, staff, students, and community members.
Prerequisites: BIO 493 with a C or higher.

BIO 496      BIOLOGY PRACTICUM      Credits: 3

Supervised experience in a setting related to the student's career interests. Requires 135 documented hours of experience at a practicum site, a final written summary and a concluding presentation at a scheduled senior symposium.
Prerequisites: Junior or Senior status as a biology major required.