Biology (B.A.)

The Math & Science Department prides itself in preparing students for careers in science related fields. The Biology degree can prepare students for professional graduate programs including physical therapy, occupational therapy, physician assistant, medicine, dentistry, forensic science, veterinary science, and other allied health fields. In addition, many Concordia graduates pursue research careers, particularly in the rapidly expanding areas of environmental management, molecular biology and biotechnology. Concordia also has a highly-respected program for those who wish to teach biology at the junior and senior high school levels. To be admitted to the Biology major, students must have a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.50, demonstrate competency in basic biology, and attain junior status.

Concentration Requirements

Biology majors must complete one area of concentration.

  • General Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pre-Medical Studies
  • Pre-Occupational Therapy
  • Pre-Physical Therapy
  • Pre-Physician Assistant

Bertram (Bert ) Coltman III, Ph.D., Professor, bcoltman@cu-portland.edu

Rici De Fries Hallstrand, Ph.D., Professor, rhallstrand@cu-portland.edu

Mihail S. Iordanov, Ph.D., Professor, miordanov@cu-portland.edu

Sergei A. Polozov, Ph.D., Professor, spolozov@cu-portland.edu

Wayne Tschetter, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, wtschetter@cu-portland.edu

**See the BIO 364 tab in the Addendum for updated information.

BIO 101      PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGY WITH LAB      Credits: 3

Emphasis on basic biological principles as included in the areas of molecular biology, cellular biology, organismic biology, reproduction and development, genetics and ecology. Particular emphasis is placed on the human being as a representative organism illustrating fundamental features of life. Not recommended for students who have successfully completed high school biology.

BIO 101L      PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGY LAB      Credits: 0

BIO 211      GENERAL BIOLOGY I WITH LAB      Credits: 4

First of a two-course sequence for biology majors, introducing fundamental concepts of the structure and function of living organisms at all levels of organization. Emphasis in this course is on the chemistry of living organisms and a detailed study of the structure and function of life at the cellular level. This course includes an introduction to cellular energy metabolism (aerobic respiration and photosynthesis) genetics, molecular biology and topics in biotechnology.
Prerequisites: MTH 095 (or equivalent math evaluation score), completion of one year of high school biology and one year of high school chemistry required.

BIO 211L      GENERAL BIO I LAB      Credits: 0

BIO 212      GENERAL BIOLOGY II WITH LAB      Credits: 4

A continuation of BIO 211 with special emphasis on evolution, ecology, structure and functions (anatomy and physiology) of plants and animals.
Prerequisites: BIO 211 with a C or higher.

BIO 212L      GENERAL BIO II LAB      Credits: 0

BIO 251      TOPICS IN BIOLOGY      Credit: 1

While focusing on a short field-based experience, the topic for this course can vary from term to term. Students are involved in observational and experimental procedures in the field and are expected to participate in background reading assignments as well as to develop a paper and/or a presentation that reflects on their experience. Topics may include ornithology, ecological communities, animal behavior, nature photography, ecosystems of Pacific Northwest, or other areas of interest.

BIO 264      INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN ANATOMY      Credits: 4

Introductory lab-based course examining the structure and function of the human body. Course material includes basic anatomical terminology, histology, and organ systems, with emphasis on the skeletal & muscular systems. Includes prosection of the human cadaver. First of a two-course (semester) sequence.
Prerequisites: BIO 101 with a C or higher.

BIO 264L      INTRO TO ANATOMY LAB      Credits: 0

BIO 265      INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY      Credits: 4

Introductory lab-based course investigates fundamental physiological processes of several systems in humans including the endocrine, immune, respiratory & urinary systems. Course material emphasizes homeostatic mechanisms at the biochemical, cellular, organ, and system levels.
Prerequisites: BIO 264 with a C or higher.

BIO 265L      INTRO TO PHYSIOLOGY - LAB      Credits: 0

BIO 284      MICROBIOLOGY WITH LAB      Credits: 3

A laboratory based introduction to bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi, and invertebrates with a particular emphasis on their relation to human disease. Laboratory sessions emphasize aseptic technique and the metabolic requirements of microorganisms. In addition, students are introduced to the latest technological approaches to identifying pathogens.
Prerequisites: BIO 211 and CHM 102 or CHM 211 with a C or higher
Corequisites: BIO 284L.

BIO 284L      MICROBIOLOGY - LAB      Credits: 0

BIO 288      DEPARTMENTAL SEMINAR      Credit: 1

A reading and discussion course that has topics of general interest to both science majors and general audiences. Upper division credit will require greater participation. An opportunity to explore new ideas with faculty and fellow students.

BIO 315      GENETICS      Credits: 4

An introduction to the principles of inheritance: covers the nature, transmission and function of the genetic material in relation to its cytological and biochemical aspects. Both classical Mendelian and molecular genetics are covered.
Prerequisites: BIO 212 and CHM 211 and MTH 231 with a C or higher.

BIO 315L      GENETICS LAB      Credits: 0

BIO 321      DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY      Credits: 3

This course examines an organism’s path from genotype to phenotype. Topics include the genetic regulation of development and differentiation of multicellular organisms, from single celled zygotes to the adult. Emphasis is placed on the anatomical and genetic bases of nucleocytoplasmic interactions, pattern formation, morphogenesis, & senescence.
Prerequisites: BIO 315 with a C or higher.

BIO 325      IMMUNOLOGY      Credits: 3

This course will cover fundamental aspects of immunology including mechanisms of antibody-mediated and cell-mediated immunity. Topics will include the anatomy of the immune system, the role and function of T and B cells, MHC restriction and antigen presentation, the structure and genetics of antibody and T cell receptor molecules and regulation of immune responses. Applications of immunology to infectious disease and cancer as well as clinical syndromes resulting from loss of immune function will also be discussed.
Prerequisites: BIO 211 with a C or higher.

BIO 364      HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I WITH LAB      Credits: 4

Lab-based course for pre-health professional students that examines the unity of structure and function of the human body. Course material includes anatomical terminology, histology, and organ systems including the skeletal, muscular, integumentary, nervous systems. Includes dissection of the human cadaver by all participants. First of a two-course (semester) sequence.
Prerequisites: BIO 211 with a C or better
Corequisites: BIO 364L.

BIO 364L      HUMAN ANAT & PHYS I-LAB      Credits: 0

BIO 365      HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II WITH LAB      Credits: 4

Lab-based course for pre-health professional students that examines fundamental physiological processes of several systems in humans including the endocrine, immune, respiratory & urinary systems. Emphasis is placed on homeostatic mechanisms at the biochemical, cellular, organ, and system levels.
Prerequisites: BIO 364 with a C or higher
Corequisites: BIO 365L.

BIO 365L      HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYS II - LAB      Credits: 0

BIO 370      FIELD BIOLOGY      Credits: 3

This course provides majors and non-majors alike with an intensive experience in field biology. The topics and locations vary from term to term, with the typical length of the course ranging from 8 to 15 days. Students learn field techniques and perform field observations on biodiversity, ecology, and conservation while hiking, snorkeling, driving and boating on location. Field sites include Central America, Asia, Australia, Europe, New Zealand, and other parts of the world.
Prerequisites: Instructor’s approval.

BIO 371      FIELD BIOLOGY-TOUR ONLY      Credits: 0

This courses is intended to provide a non-credit intensive experience in field-based biology for students or non-students. The topic and locations of the field course will vary from term to term, with the typical length of the course ranging from 7 to 14 days. It includes participation in field observations and sampling, hiking, snorkeling, or other activities as appropriate. Techniques of proper field notation and sampling will be taught. Typical sites include the Grand Canyon, Pacific Northwest, Belize, Hawaii, Australia and Costa Rica.
Prerequisites: Instructor Permission.

BIO 399E      EXPERIMENTAL COURSE - BIOLOGY      Credit: 1

Experimental course option varies by term. Please see academic department for course description.

BIO 411      ECOLOGY      Credits: 3

The study of the interaction of plants and animals and their environment. An introduction to some of the basic field biological techniques in the laboratory portion of the course.
Prerequisites: BIO 212 and CHM 211 and MTH 231 with a C or higher.

BIO 411L      ECOLOGY - LAB      Credits: 0

BIO 415      BIOLOGY TEACHING ASSISTANT      Credit: 1

An opportunity for upper-level life science students to design, prepare, and teach lower-level science labs.
Prerequisites: Upper division standing and Instructor Permission.

BIO 421      MARINE BIOLOGY      Credits: 3

The study of marine life and marine ecosystems with special emphasis on marine animals, their morphological, anatomical, and behavioral adaptations; natural selection and practical importance for humans. An introduction to zoological dissection, and field ecological techniques in the laboratory portion of the course.
Prerequisites: BIO 212 and CHM 211 with a C or higher.

BIO 426      EVOLUTION      Credits: 3

An examination of theories of organic evolution with an emphasis on their mechanisms. Analysis of the creationist-evolutionist controversy.
Prerequisites: BIO 315 with a C or higher.

BIO 451      TOPICS IN BIOLOGY      Credit: 1

While focusing on a short field-based experience, the topic for this course will vary from term to term. Students will be involved in observational and experimental procedures in the field, and will be expected to participate in background reading assignments as well as develop a paper that reflects on their experience. Topics may include ornithology, ecological communities, the ecology of Mt. St. Helens, or other areas of interest.

BIO 457      MOLECULAR BIOLOGY WITH LAB      Credits: 3

Hands-on study of the molecular basis of reproduction and genetics in organisms from phage to higher eukaryotes. Special emphasis on the tools of molecular biology, including recombinant DNA technology.
Prerequisites: BIO 315 and CHM 212 with a C or higher.

BIO 484L      MICROBIOLOGY - LAB      Credits: 0

BIO 488      DEPARTMENTAL SEMINAR      Credit: 1

A reading and discussion course that has topics of general interest to both science majors and general audiences. Upper division credit will require greater participation. An opportunity to explore new ideas with faculty and fellow students.

BIO 490      RESEARCH IN BIOLOGY      Credits: 3

Experience in hands-on research on a topic agreed upon by the student and a specific faculty member. Includes research planning, background reading, experimental laboratory work, and a concluding report. May be taken up to two times for credit.
Prerequisites: Sophomore status and instructor permission.

BIO 492      SENIOR THESIS PREPARATION      Credit: 1

This course is required for students planning to complete a senior thesis. The product of this course will be a thesis proposal.
Prerequisites: Junior or Senior status, BIO 490 recommended.

BIO 493      BIOLOGY THESIS I: LITERATURE REVIEW AND PROJECT DESIGN      Credits: 2

The first of two courses required to complete the thesis option of the Senior Project for graduation from any major in the College of Arts & Sciences. Thesis students are guided through the initial components of the thesis, including literature review and experimental or project design, obtain approval from Concordia's Institutional Review Board (IRB) to proceed with the proposed research or project, and begin to implement the research or project.
Prerequisites: BIO 492 with a B or higher, upper division standing, and agreement of a faculty member to serve as Faculty Supervisor for thesis project.

BIO 494      BIOLOGY THESIS II: RESEARCH, WRITING, AND DEFENSE      Credits: 2

The second of two courses required to complete the thesis option of the Senior Project for graduation from any major in the College of Arts & Sciences. Thesis students are guided through the final components of the thesis, including the research or project itself, data gathering and analysis, and writing and defense of the thesis. The defense of the thesis will be a public event open to faculty, staff, students, and community members.
Prerequisites: BIO 493 with a C or higher.

BIO 496      BIOLOGY PRACTICUM      Credits: 3

Supervised experience in a setting related to the student's career interests. Requires 135 documented hours of experience at a practicum site, a final written summary and a concluding presentation at a scheduled senior symposium.
Prerequisites: Junior or Senior status as a biology major required.

BIO 499      BIOLOGY TEACHING ASSISTANT      Credit: 1

An opportunity for junior or senior biology majors to design labs, prepare lessons, and assist in teaching biology courses they have completed successfully.
Prerequisites: Upper division standing and Instructor permission.